Category Archives: HISTORICAL

Thomas Jefferson

Written on May 3, 2016 at 12:58 pm, by

Thomas Jefferson, born April 13, 1743, was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776). He was elected the second Vice President of the United States (1797) serving under John Adams and in 1800 was elected our third President.  He was a proponent of democracy and individual rights, […]

Aaron Burr

Written on April 26, 2016 at 11:26 am, by

Aaron Burr was brilliant, witty, and possessed the charm of a born leader. But he was also an egomaniac who sowed the seeds of his own failure. Rising rapidly in the New York State Republican party, he received thirty electoral votes in the presidential campaign of 1796. Named as running mate to Thomas Jefferson in […]

Income Tax

Written on April 12, 2016 at 11:24 am, by

American humorist Will Rogers once said, “The income tax has made more liars out of the American people than golf has.” The first income tax was established in 1862 to raise funds for the Civil War. The Bureau of Internal Revenue, an agency of the Department of the Treasury, was created to collect the tax. […]

Florence Cemetery

Written on April 5, 2016 at 10:24 am, by

Florence Cemetery is located about seven and one half miles south of Florence. The site covers 70 acres. Chiefly on  the west side of the Greve “torrente”. The wooded hills rise several hundred feet. Between the two entrance buildings, a bridge leads to the burial area where the headstones of 4,402 of our military Dead […]

Executive Branch

Written on March 29, 2016 at 11:01 am, by

The decision by the delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention to set aside the Articles of Confederation and establish a new form of government resulted in lengthy debates concerning the details. Thanks to the notes made by James Madison during the proceedings, there is a record of the debates. A plan was adopted that called […]

Laura Bush

Written on March 22, 2016 at 3:31 pm, by

Laura Lane Welch Bush was born in Midland, Texas  on November 4, 1946, the only daughter of Harold Bruce and Jenna L. Hawkins Welch. She graduated from Southern Methodist University in 1968  with a  bachelor’s degree in education and took a job as second grade teacher. After attaining her Master’s Degree in Library Science at […]

James Madison

Written on March 15, 2016 at 1:36 pm, by

James Madison, fourth President of the United States and Father of the Constitution, was born in Virginia on March 16, 1751. As a youth he was frail and sickly. He grew to adulthood at Montpelier, his family’s plantation. After completing college studies at Princeton, Madison returned to Virginia. He was elected to the Virginia Convention […]

War of 1812

Written on March 8, 2016 at 11:20 am, by

Just a few decades after the American Revolution, the United States again fought the British in a demand for neutral rights. The War of 1812 was a serious threat  to  settlements along the Missouri River corridor. Indian attacks, primarily the work of the Sac and Fox tribes that were instigated by  the British, encouraged Missourians […]

Whiskey Rebellion

Written on March 1, 2016 at 9:54 am, by

The Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 was one of the most crucial tests of federal strength under the new Constitution of the United States.  Farmers in western Pennsylvania rebelled against the federal excise tax that Congress had levied in 1791 on spirits distilled in the United States. The tax was proposed by Secretary of the Treasury, […]

Donner Party

Written on February 16, 2016 at 2:14 pm, by

On February 19, 1847, the first group of rescuers reached the survivors of the stranded Donner Party in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The story began in April 1846, as a wagon train with 89 people left Springfield, Illinois for the 2500 mile trip to California. James Reed was the originator of the group, which included […]