April 10, 2008

Duzan, Doubet Qualify For State Math Contest

The 17th Annual Regional Math Contest, sponsored by the Missouri Council of Teachers of Mathematics, was held Saturday, April 5 in Hannibal. Approximately 115 students in grades 4-6 participated. The top 10 students in each grade level were recognized in both Math Concepts and Problem Solving.

Scotland County fourth graders that attended the event were Michael Howard, who placed 5th in Math Concepts and 6th in Problem Solving; Will DeMarce, who finished fourth in Math Concepts; and Caleb Doubet, who finished 7th in Math Concepts and 2nd in Problem Solving.

Fifth grade participants were Renay Friendshuh 6th in Math Concepts; Rachel Duzan 4th in Math Concepts and 3rd in Problem Solving; and Shaina Shannan award for participation.

Sixth grade participants were Shaye Wright award for participation; Emily Ebeling 9th place in Problem Solving; and Jordyn Doubet award for participation.

Caleb Doubet and Rachel Duzan both qualified to compete in the state contest to be held April 26 in Springfield. They will both be competing in Problem Solving.

The group is sponsored by Teresa Cotton.

Olive Branch Petition

The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 5, 1775 in a final attempt to avoid a full-on war between Britain and the thirteen colonies represented in that Congress. The Congress had already authorized the invasion of Canada more than a week earlier, but the petition affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and beseeched King George III to prevent further conflict. That the petition was followed on July 6 “The Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms” made its success in London improbable. In August 1775, the Colonies were formally declared to be in rebellion by the Proclamation of Rebellion, and the petition was rejected by Great Britain – even though King George had refused to read the Olive Branch Petition before declaring the colonists traitors. The Second Continental Congress convened in May 1775, and most delegates followed John Dickinson in his quest to reconcile with King George III of Great Britain. However, a rather small group of delegates led by John Adams believed that war was inevitable. During the course of the Second Continental Congress, Adams and his allies decided that the wisest course of action was to remain quiet and wait for the opportune time to rally the people. This decision allowed Dickinson and his followers to pursue their own course for reconciliation. Dickinson was the primary author of the petition, though Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, John Rutledge, and Thomas Johnson also served on the drafting committee. The petition was signed by John Hancock, President of the Second Congress on July 6, 1775. Again, the Kings refusal to consider the petition gave Adams and others the realization that, from this point forward, the choice was complete independence or complete submission to British rule.

From Jauflione Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution

When Why Matters the Most

It’s amazing how deer are transformed from summer to fall and winter. In the hot months my trail camera’s pictures are of deer that look like they’re about ready to die. Their hide is patchy with hair, ticks cover parts of their body, and you seemingly can count every rib on their frail frame. And while some do die from various issues related to the heat, most make it to the colder, more comfortable months. As they arrive to better days, that same exterior that once looked unhealthy, thin, and weak, becomes thick with hair and fat, and as muscular -looking as if they had changed their diet and began a new exercise program.

Wait a minute. That’s exactly what they have done. They changed their diet and increased their activity. In the summer deer are filling themselves on the various salad combinations. As the days move along, fruit is added to the meal until the entrée of nuts begin to fall from the trees. These acorns come in various sizes and tastes and provide the nutritional profile the deer need to get ready for a cold winter. When there is a bumper crop of acorns deer can gain several pounds in only a couple of weeks. And in order to find other trees that are holding this favorite food of theirs, the deer must move around, more than they did in the summer.

There you have it. Eating better and exercise produces a healthier body. But we knew that all the time; didn’t we?

What goes for deer goes for you and me. But while deer are forced into their salad-eating starvation period because there is nothing healthier around, we are dependent on self-control and accountability. Especially in civilized countries, we have to learn to say no to the bad things and yes to the good ones. We have to choose what is best. The choices we make, however, become easier when our “Why” matters the most. “Why” am I doing this?

Let me put it this way. We are more willing to make changes in our lives when the alternative is dying. Let me simplify again. When the doctor tells you you’re going to die if you don’t quit drinking, you quit drinking. When the doctor tells you, you’re going to die if you don’t lose weight; you exercise and get on a diet.  When the “why” matters the most, we are more likely to make changes. And perhaps the greatest “why” is the one that says, “Because I don’t want to die!”

I do think, however, we don’t need to wait until we get the “why” of dying before we can choose correctly. I think the “Why” of living and the “Why” of purpose can work as well. For a Christian the “Why” of taking care of our bodies is because it is called the temple of God and it is the instrument that God uses to carry his message. It is God-designed with a Godly purpose, and it is the only one we will ever have. Don’t wait until the doctor gives you the “Die Why” before you do what God wants you to do anyway.

Gary Miller

Outdoor Truths Ministries

www.outdoortruths.org

OSWALD “GENE” KRATZER (7/-/1933 – 8/27/2017)

Oswald “Gene” Kratzer, age 84, of Phoenix, passed away on Sunday, August 27, 2017 in Phoenix, Arizona. He was born in July of 1933 to the late Oswald and Madeline (Mathis) Kratzer in Downing, MO. He attended Downing High School graduating class of 1951. Gene worked in security and law enforcement. In April 1993, he married Ruthanne Otte in Phoenix, Arizona.  He was a member of United States Air Force. He served in the Korean War as military police officer, and received the Purple Heart and Silver Star. He enjoyed gardening, water sports, horses, walking and bicycling. He was a high school basketball star and was always committed to physical fitness.

Oswald is survived by his loving spouse of 24 years, Ruthanne Kratzer; four children: daughters, Robyn Wedelich (Hank) of Hot Springs, Arkansas, Jill Hansen (Hans) of Modesto, California, Kay Saavedra of Fort Madison, Iowa and son, Kerry (Yvonne) of Phoenix, Arizona; five grandchildren and four great grandchildren; brothers, Jack (Jean) Kratzer, Fort Madison, Iowa; Larry Kratzer, Beaumont, Texas; Chuck Kratzer, Donnellson, Iowa; Jim Kratzer, Memphis, Missouri; sister, Carolyn Huls (Marion), Copperas Cove, Texas; former spouse, Mary Kratzer, Wickenburg, Arizona and many other loving family and friends. He was preceded in death by his parents, Oswald and Madeline Kratzer and brother, Tim Kratzer of Keokuk, Iowa.

Memorial services were held Friday, September 1, at the Shadow Mountain Mortuary in Phoenix, Arizona. A burial service with Military Honors will be held at the National Memorial Cemetery of Arizona in November. Online condolences can be given at www.shadowmountainmortuary.com

Thanks to many considerate contributions, a memorial in Gene’s name was established at the Downing Depot Museum in Downing, Missouri. Donations to the Kratzer Memorial Fund can be made to Downing Depot Museum, 251 E. McClintic Place, Memphis, MO, 63555.

Hospital Board Learns of 30% Drop  Off in Self Pay Collections in 2017

The Scotland County Hospital Board of Directors met in regular session on September 28 in the SCH Library. Chairman Curtis Ebeling called the meeting to order at 5:38 p.m.

Those present were: Ebeling, Joe Doubet- Vice Chairman, Judy Wilson-Secretary, (arriving 5:45 p.m.) Robert Neese-Treasurer, and members Dwight DeRosear and Lori Fulk;  Dr. Randy Tobler; CEO, Dr.  Jeff Davis, CMO, Dr. Lisa Rollison, COS, Michael Brandon, Controller, Angela Schmitter, RHIT, Heather Ayer, RN, QI/RM Coordinator, Lori Nelson, RN-Clinic Supervisor, and Brenda Prather, recording secretary.

Financial Report – Michael Brandon, MBA

Brandon offered Report on Self-Pay Collections. $922,990 for 2016 compared to $598,179 in 2017.  Next month conversation on: progress and accountability, are policy changes required, success of procedures, customer service vs. customer accountability.  Hard stop for copays, etc.

Administrative Report – Randy Tobler, MD, CEO

Operations

C-arm for ortho, pain management, speech therapy purchased to replace our old one that failed suddenly.  Upgrade would not meet needs, so new one required. Cost $125,400

Stress testing equipment failed and was replaced. Cost: $18,650

Dan Culp consulted regarding utilization of funds received for roof repairs on 9/1. He recommended replacing 4 roof top units and adding a split unit. Further, he recommended budgeting and developing a plan for replacement of the EPDM roof over the next 5 years.  The metal roof damage was cosmetic, not functional, and does not require replacement.

Congratulations to Michael Brandon and the business office staff, especially Sheryl Templeton, Tammy Newland, Lynn Fincher for their participation in BKD field audit, completed timely and putting us on track for a comfortable audit timeline this year.

Day Care update: Visit from state surveyor regarding space and regulatory requirements and visit to Van Buren County Hospital Day Care Center by two nurses.  Dr. Rollison’s working group is planning on a business plan targeting the E annex space.

Pipeline RX began in September.  Basic function fine.

Medical Staff/Allied Health

Tabitha Rohr, FNP started at LMS September 3.

Dr. John Bailey, Orthopedics, started in RHC Monday afternoons 9/11/17, thrice monthly.  Staffing and EMR adjustment has gone smoothly.

Dr. Daniel Schneider, Urologist, started Wed 9/23, twice monthly.  Or readiness and clinic staff have received positive feedback.

Dr. Richard Wolkowitz, Pain Management, started 9/26, monthly.  10 cases his first day.

Personnel

Cody Arnold, Informatics Supervisor and Laura Colvin, HER Educator, have resigned.  We are evaluating how to efficiently support the HER, including off-site Meditech dedicated consultant vendor.

Personal

MHA Rural Advocacy trip to D.C.  September 12 and 13. Emphasis: Preserving the 340B program.  A potential-26% savings impact has been proposed.

Keeping DSH payments whole in the wake of proposed healthcare reform

Regulatory relief.

CMO ReportDr. Davis

Quality Assurance

Attended QA and discussed results and employee satisfaction survey questions.

Reviewed dashboard details and emails of quality data from QA Director.

Currently 2 complaints regarding physician behavior in the ED

Senior Management

Met with Senior Management discussing strategic plan and management.  Focused on alignment and ACO opportunities.  Short term planning for physician staffing needs.  Including Senior Leader Forum at Tobler Residence with focus on Mission, Vision and Future of SCH.

Meetings with Dr. Tobler and Michael Brandon regarding recruitment, retention, employee satisfaction and personnel management.

Meetings with Lori Nelson, RN, Clinic work flow, Team Care personnel/staffing, scheduling and physician relations.

Clinician Relations

Ongoing communication with clinicians regarding clinical operations

Working with Kristin Hyde and Dr. Heather Martin, Secretary of Medical Staff, regarding inpatient/OB/Peds physician coverage.

Meeting with Dr. Tobler and Michael Brandon regarding clinician contract development.

Service Line Development

Recruitment and Retention

Old Business

Board Workshop 9/30/17.  Reminder to board members, administrative leadership and medical staff leadership

New Business

Annual CEO Report-  Review of 2016-2017.  Board asked to review and contact Dr. Tobler with any questions.

Highlights: *Implementation of 340B, IMG RX.  *lifted wage freeze *online p7p. *Access email on or off duty.  *QI huge advance this year (med staff leadership support and backing.)  Dashboards, monitoring.  *Financial: Business down, revenues up. Revenue cycle manager, financial navigator improved reimbursement. *Uncompensated care–$2,123,800.

Approve renewal of Malpractice Policy for physicians. $130,075 premium.  Dr. Tobler recommends continuing coverage with this group.   Motion by DeRosear to authorize CEO Tobler to enter into continued contract with HSG for is clinic physician malpractice coverage.  Second by Fulk.  Motion approved by majority vote.

Peer Review- 6 month-review completed by Dr. William Dixon.

Random Drug screen- 6 month-no inappropriate findings.

Employee Financial Assistance Request from Jennifer Clarke.  Jennifer currently works in lab as a medical technician and requests funding for Medical Technologist degree.  Motion by Fulk to approve $1,500 from SCH and she would receive $1,500 matching funds through scholarship by MHA. Second follows by DeRosear.  Motion approved by majority votes

Dates for November and December meetings.  Monday, November 27, 2017.  December remain December 28th.

Lease request for Pyxis.  Review of terms. Bank of Kirksville. 48 months capital lease, 3.6%. $4500/month.   Brief discussion resulted in Motion by Neese to approve lease agreement with BOK for Pyxis med dispensing machine, pending approval by USDA.  Second offered by Wilson.  Motion approved by majority vote.

Approve Meditech licensure amendment.  Amendment to current agreement adding addition licenses for new practitioners using Meditech. Will add 9 users.  Will add amendment to agreement. Motion to approve amendment to current agreement by Neese.  Second by DeRosear.  Motion approved by majority vote.

Renewal of Employee Health insurance.  Recommend to continue current self-insured coverage and change coverage for dental and vision from Guardian to Sun Life.  Pharmacy may see a small change in copay.  Motion by Doubet to approve administration’s recommendation to continue present coverage with modifications to vision and dental plans. Fulk offers second.  Motion approved by majority vote.

Informatics Consulting Contract.  Discussion of resignation of Cody and Laura and thoughts on not filling their positions but to utilize present personnel as a leader with oversight by consulting service “ENGAGE”. Tobler received proposal of 90 day (80 hrs./month).  Recommendation to Board was to enter into a trial period of 3-month pilot period for $10,000.  Motion by DeRosear to authorize CEO Tobler to enter into a 3-month trial period with ENGAGE. Further extended agreement pending on efficiency and effectiveness of service provided.   Second offered by Fulk.   Motion approved by majority vote.

Executive Session

Motion by DeRosear to enter Executive Session pursuant to Sunshine Law Sections 610.021 to discuss matters that pertain to: (1) Legal, (3), hiring firing and disciplinary action (13) individually identifiable personnel information.  Doubet offered second to the motion.  Motion approved by roll call vote:  Fulk yes, DeRosear yes, Doubet yes, Neese yes, Wilson yes.  Time is 8:06pm.

Those Present:    Ebeling, Fulk, DeRosear, Doubet, Neese and Wilson, Dr. Tobler, Dr. Davis, Dr. Rollison, Heather Ayer, and Brenda Prather.

Approval of Executive Session minutes of 8/24/17. Motion by Neese and DeRosear follows with second to approve.  Motion approved by roll call vote: Fulk-yes, DeRosear-yes, Doubet yes, Neese-yes, Wilson-yes.

Motion to exit executive session and adjourn regular open session by DeRosear.  Fulk seconds motion.  Motion approved by roll call vote: Fulk-yes, DeRosear-yes, Doubet yes, Neese-yes, Wilson-yes.  Time is 9:33 pm

Adjournment

Motion by Neese to adjourn, with second by Wilson.  Motion approved by majority vote.  Time is 9:33pm.

Deer Hunter Electrocuted, Seriously Hurt in Fall

A Fulton man was seriously injured Thursday afternoon when he was electrocuted while working on a deer stand in rural Scotland County.

According to the Scotland County Sheriff’s Office Case Simerl, 26, was installing tin on the roof of an elevated deer blind when the sheet of metal contacted an overhead power line, electrocuting Simerl and knocking him from the ladder.

The Scotland County Ambulance service was notified of the accident and responded to the scene at approximately 2:15 p.m. on Thursday, October 5th.

Simerl was transported to Scotland County Hospital in Memphis.

“Scotland County Hospital treated an electrocution victim that sustained moderate to severe injury,” according to Chief Medical Officer, Jeff Davis, DO. “We  stabilized the victim and transferred the victim.”

Simerl was transported by ambulance to University Hospital in Columbia. As of October 10th, Simerl’s condition had been upgraded to good by University Hospital.

According to investigators, Simerl and his father were working on the deer stand when the accident occurred. The elder Simerl was uninjured in the accident and was able to contact EMS.

The accident, which occurred near Brock, was believed to have involved one of the main transfer lines moving power into Memphis. A momentary power outage was reported across the town and in other parts of the county.

MU Extension to Host Farm Bill Summit October 18th

COLUMBIA, Mo. – A day of talks on issues Missourians need in the next farm bill from the U.S. Congress will be October. 18 at the University of Missouri.

MU Extension pulls together interested parties for lectures and roundtable talks. The meeting is for all farmers.

The 2018 Farm Bill Summit follows a tradition of the long-running Breimyer Conference, says Scott Brown, MU economist.

The meeting will be at the MU Bradford Farm east of Columbia. It starts at 9 a.m. and ends by 4 p.m.

The event, with lunch, is free. However, registration is needed by Oct. 13 for the lunch count. Seating is limited.

Brown has worked on six farm bills so far in his 30 years with MU Extension.

The program starts with scholars from Missouri colleges and universities. Speakers from farm commodity and natural resources interests will tell their needs.

Writing a farm bill takes time, Brown admits. Many voices will be heard in hearings by agricultural committees of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.

The Summit offers a start to forming Missouri concerns for future discussion. “National debate on the farm bill will intensify this fall,” Brown says.

Congress currently has trouble reaching consensus to enact laws. “However, a farm bill offers bipartisan appeal,” Brown says. “It should offer both parties a path to success.”

MU economists have long been asked to analyze economic impacts of farm bills.

For this summit, Pat Westhoff will lead with policy issues for crop farmers. He heads the MU Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI).

Brown will follow with issues for livestock farmers. He has already been called to a farm bill hearing in Congress.

Panel talks will include farm bill policy scholars, and crop commodity and farm groups.

The academics are from the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources; College of the Ozarks; Truman State University; and Missouri State University.

Farm groups include crop and livestock plus conservation and rural development.

At noon, Missouri Sen. Roy Blunt and Rep. Vicky Hartzler of Missouri’s 4th Congressional District will tell Washington updates.

MU administrators offering welcomes are Chancellor Alexander Cartwright and Vice Chancellor Marshall Stewart, MU Extension.

The crop panel includes Missouri Corn Growers Association, Missouri Soybean Association, Missouri Farm Bureau and FCS Financial.

Livestock groups include Missouri Cattlemen’s Association, Missouri Pork Association and Missouri Dairy Association.

Conservation interests will be Farm Bureau, Ducks Unlimited and The Nature Conservancy.

The final Summit roundtable on rural development has panelists from Farm Bureau, Missouri’s electric cooperatives and MU Extension.

The late Harold Breimyer started the popular farm policy seminars. He brought in authorities and invited farmers to bring questions.

To register, call 573-882-4349 or go to muconf.missouri.edu/MUfarmbillsummit, where an agenda is also available.

MU Bradford Farm is at 4968 Rangeline Road, south from Highway WW and 7 miles east of Columbia in Boone County.

Missouri Farm Cash Rent Rates Drop in Latest USDA Report

Cash rent rates dropped overall in many Missouri counties, according to a September 8 report from U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Rates for cropland and pastureland dropped overall from the previous year, said University of Missouri Extension agriculture business specialist Joe Koenen. Koenen leads sessions on Missouri farm leases to educate landowners and tenants on how to develop fair leases for farmland, recreational land, livestock and equipment.

“As I would expect, the northwest portion of the state had the highest average drop in crop rent, averaging $4 per acre,” Koenen said. DeKalb County’s average dropped $27 per acre while Worth County dropped $23. Koenen noted, however, that some counties in northwestern Missouri showed increases.

The statewide average for cropland in Missouri dropped $1 per acre—less than 1 percent, Koenen said. It went down 2.4 percent in northwestern Missouri and 1.5 percent in northeastern Missouri.

Scotland County followed the state average, with prices on non-irrigated farm ground dropping $1 from $133 to $132 an acre on average. Pastureland rental rates drop from $36.50 a season ago to $36 in 2017.

Pastureland rates continue to hold steady since less land is available for rent, Koenen said. The statewide average was $31. Warren County had the lowest rate at $13, and Knox County topped the list at $51.

Atchison County in northwestern Missouri topped the state’s cropland rent rate at $188 per acre. Crawford County reported the lowest rate—$16 per acre. Marion County was tops in the northeast region at $172 an acre with Pike County the lowest at $117 an acre. Clark County had the same rate as Scotland County at $132 while Knox County was at $137 and Lewis County at $138. Adair County in the North Central region had average rental rates of just $91.50 while Schuyler County was at $119. Schuyler County reported average pasture rental rates at $44.50 an acre.

Koenen said the new report follows his 2016 predictions that lower commodity prices would drive rental rates downward. He expects pressure on cropland rental rates will continue in the next year, with pasture rates holding steady.

MU Extension surveys rental rates every three years. In 2015, the survey showed dryland rent at a statewide average of $145.50 per acre. Pastureland rates ranged from $10 to $100 per acre, with an average of $38.41. The survey is available at agebb.missouri.edu/mgt/cashrent2015.pdf..

USDA Farm Safety Net and Conservation Payments to Exceed $9.6 Billion

Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on October 3rd, announced that over $9.6 billion in payments will be made, beginning this week, to producers through the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC), Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and Conservation Reserve (CRP) programs.  The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is issuing approximately $8 billion in payments under the ARC and PLC programs for the 2016 crop year, and $1.6 billion under CRP for 2017.

“Many of these payments will be made to landowners and producers in rural communities that have recently been ravaged by drought, wildfires, and deadly hurricanes,” Perdue said.  “I am hopeful this financial assistance will help those experiencing losses with immediate cash flow needs as we head toward the end of the year.”

The ARC and PLC programs were authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill and offer a safety net to agricultural producers when there is a substantial drop in revenue or prices for covered commodities. Over half a million producers will receive ARC payments and over a quarter million producers will receive PLC payments for 2016 crops, starting this week and continuing over the next several months.

Payments are being made to producers who enrolled base acres of barley, corn, grain sorghum, lentils, oats, peanuts, dry peas, soybeans, wheat and canola. In the upcoming months, payments will be announced after marketing year average prices are published by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service for the remaining covered commodities. Those include long and medium grain rice (except for temperate Japonica rice), which will be announced in November; remaining oilseeds and chickpeas, which will be announced in December; and temperate Japonica rice, which will be announced in early February 2017.  The estimated payments are before application of sequestration and other reductions and limits, including adjusted gross income limits and payment limitations.

Also, as part of an ongoing effort to protect sensitive lands and improve water quality and wildlife habitat, USDA will begin issuing 2017 CRP payments this week to over 375,000 Americans.

“American farmers and ranchers are among our most committed conservationists,” said Perdue. “We all share a responsibility to leave the land in better shape than we found it for the benefit of the next generation of farmers. This program helps landowners provide responsible stewardship on land that should be taken out of production.”

Signed into law by President Reagan in 1985, CRP is one of the largest private-lands conservation program in the United States. Thanks to voluntary participation by farmers and landowners, CRP has improved water quality, reduced soil erosion and increased habitat for endangered and threatened species. In return for enrolling in CRP, USDA, through the Farm Service Agency (FSA) on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation, provides participants with rental payments and cost-share assistance. Participants enter into contracts that last between 10 and 15 years. CRP payments are made to participants who remove sensitive lands from production and plant certain grasses, shrubs and trees that improve water quality, prevent soil erosion and increase wildlife habitat.

For more details regarding ARC and PLC programs, go to www.fsa.usda.gov/arc-plc. For more information about CRP, contact your local FSA office or visit www.fsa.usda.gov/crp. To locate your local FSA office, visit https://offices.usda.gov.

Rutledge Renegades

Jennifer Martin, former Dancing Rabbit member of 12 years, is back visiting from New England.  She is on sabbatical to be near her children, Cynder, going to College of Atlanta and, Toren, Buxter School.  Also Dave and Nani Orsillo, Abigail, Scarlett, and Elle of Sheville, NC are back visiting at D.R.

Reva Hustead and Neta Phillips went to Kirksville.

Ruth Ann Boyer’s sisters, Bonnie Bush and Patty Howard of Zilla, Washington, and niece, Audree Janshen of Port Orchard, WA, are here visiting Ruth Ann and Keith Boyer for 1-2 weeks.  They are also attending the Gorin Alumni Reunion.

Bob and Dorothy Hunolt went to Burlington, IA on Saturday, October 7th and visited with his sister, Faye Walker and John and Kathie McPherson.

Earl and Minerva Zimmerman will be celebrating their 50 year anniversary October 18th.

Some of those in this week were Tim Morris, Dale Tague, Don Tague, Neta Phillips, Charlene Montgomery, Bob and Dorothy Hunolt, Reva Hustead, Martin Guinn, Colon Shultz, Oren and Celina Erickson, Alyson Ewald, Mark Mazziotti, Cole Mazziotti, and Otho and Dorva Harbur.

The Residence Act

The permanent location of the U.S. capital at Washington, D.C. resulted from the Residence Act, approved on July 16, 1790. The official title was “An Act for Establishing the Temporary and Permanent Seat of Government of the United States.” The Residence Act provided for establishing a district or territory, not to exceed ten miles square, located on the Potomac River, to become the permanent seat of  U.S. government in 1800. The Act was a result of political compromise between Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton. In exchange for locating the new capital on the Potomac River, Jefferson and Madison rounded up enough southern votes to pass legislation mandating assumption of the states’ Revolutionary War debts by the Federal government. Most southern congressmen opposed the Federal assumption of state debts, but were eager to have the national capital located on the Potomac River. The Act gave the President authority to appoint three commissioners to survey, define and limit the territory, and to provide suitable buildings for Congress, the President, and public offices of the Federal government prior to the first Monday of December 1800. The Act provided for the temporary seat of government of the United States to be removed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania before the first Monday of December 1790, and to remain there until the first Monday in December 1800, at which time the government would be transferred to the new district created by the Act. The exact location of the new district was chosen by President Washington.

From Jauflione Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution

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