February 9, 2006

Missouri Farm Numbers Decline Slightly in 2005

(COLUMBIA, MO) - Missouri farm numbers, estimated at 105,000, are down slightly from last year, said Gene Danekas, Director of the USDA-Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. The complexion of Missouri agriculture has and continues to change, while life economic conditions and lifestyle choices are the major contributors to the decline.

A farm is defined as any establishment from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were sold or would be sold during the year. Missouri ranks second in total number of farms, following Texas. Total land in Missouri farms is estimated at 30.1 million acres with an average farm size of 287 acres.

Missouri farms in the economic sales class of $1,000 to $9,999 are estimated at 57,900, down 2 percent from a year earlier. Farms in the sales group of $10,000 to $99,999 totaled 36,100, down slightly from 2004. The $100,000 to $249,000 group is estimated at 6,400, up 200 farms from last year. Farms in the sales groups of $250,000 to $499,000 totaled 2,700, up slightly from 2004, while farm with sales of $500,000 and over totaled 1,900, up from 1,800 in 2004.

Number of Farms and Land in Farms 2005 Summary

The number of farms in the United States in 2005 is estimated at 2.1 million, 0.6 percent fewer than in 2004. Total land in farms, at 933.4 million acres, decreased 2.9 million acres, or 0.3 percent, from 2004.

The average farm size was 444 acres during 2005, an increase of one acre from the previous year. The decline in the number of farms and land in farms reflects a continuing consolidation in farming operations and diversion of agricultural land to nonagricultural uses.

Farm numbers and land in farms are broken down into five economic sales classes. Farms and ranches are classified into these sales classes by summing their sales of agricultural products and government program payments. Sales class breaks occur at $10,000, $100,000, $250,000, and $500,000.

Farm numbers declined in the three smallest sales classes and rose in the two largest sales classes. Part of the decline in the smaller sales classes was due to normal attrition, such as retirements. In addition, some operations transferred to larger sales classes by enterprise expansion. However, the majority of the changes in the sales classes were likely due to rising incomes. Many farms and ranches near the top of their sales class in 2004 moved into the next higher sales class in 2005 without adding land or otherwise expanding their operations.

The largest percentage changes from 2004 occurred in the smallest and largest sales classes. Farm numbers declined 1.1 percent, to 1.17 million farms, in the $1,000 - $9,999 sales class. Meanwhile, farm numbers increased 3.8 percent, to 79,410 farms, in the $500,000 or more sales class. The number of farms with less than $250,000 in sales fell 0.8 percent from 2004 and the number of farms with $250,000 or more in sales rose 2.4 percent.

Land in farms also shifted from lower sales classes to higher sales classes. In the $1,000-$9,999 sales class, land in farms dropped 2.1 percent, to 118.4 million acres, while land operated by farms in the largest sales class, $500,000 or more in sales, increased 3.0 percent, to 209.9 million acres. Farms with under $250,000 in sales operated 571.3 million acres, or 1.7 percent fewer acres than 2004. Farmers in the two largest sales classes, representing operations with sales of $250,000 or more, operated 362.2 million acres, up 2.0 percent from 2004.

Over all, the average farm size increased in 2005. However, average farm sizes declined in the sales classes due to smaller farms moving up to higher sales classes.

COLONEL CHARLES AVEN RODGERS (3/25/1935 – 6/10/2019)

Charles Aven Rodgers, age 84, passed away on June 10, 2019 from complications from Primary Lateral Sclerosis. The Colonel was a 37-year veteran of the Colorado Army National Guard. He is survived by his wife Donna; their four children: Debbie (Michael Lovejoy), Lu Ann (Don Hostetter), Robin (Kevin Schneider) and Chuck (Heidi); 13 grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren. Charles was preceded in death by his parents Emily Jessee and Harold Rodgers, and his brother Raymond Rodgers.

Charles Aven was born and raised in Niwot, Colorado, although he did spend time on the Charley Rodgers family farm north of Memphis.

Charles Aven’sAunt Dorothy and Uncles Junior and Mert owned and operated Rodgers Jewelry on the square in Memphis for decades.  He was a frequent visitor to Scotland and Clark Counties over the years.

Charles Aven’ssurviving first cousins from Missouri and Iowa include Karen (Rodgers) and Richard Tuttle of Kahoka, MO, Sherry Rodgers of Gilbert, AZ, Kevin and Becky Rodgers of rural Williamstown, MO, Larry and Zelma Rodgers of Rolla, MO, Jenny (Rodgers) and Cory Stoneburner, Carla (Rodgers) and Nick Harris, and Sarah Rodgers and companion Matt Haugstad, all of Boone, Iowa.

The Memphis family that predeceased Charles Aven arehis grandparents Charley and Beulah (Barr) Rodgers, his uncles William (Junior), Cecil, Bobbie Lee, and his Aunt Kathleen (Rodgers) Johnson.

Back in Niwot and contrary to policy at the time, he joined the Colorado Army National Guard at the young age of 14. This began a life-long commitment to the Armed Forces of our country. After graduating from Longmont High School, he became a lineman apprentice with the Public Service Company of Colorado in August 1953, and he worked for Watts Hardy Dairy driving the delivery truck and married his high school sweetheart, Donna Jean Cito, that November.

For the next several decades, Charles climbed the ranks of both the Colorado Army National Guard and the Public Service Company of Colorado. In the National Guard, he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in 1957, and then promoted to 1st Lieutenant in 1960, Captain in 1964, Major in 1972, Lt. Colonel in 1978, and finally Colonel in 1985.  He was simultaneously advancing his career as a lineman, ultimately being promoted to Director of Labor Relations in 1987. Charles credited his advancement in both organizations to his work ethic, dependability, and a steadfast commitment to continue learning throughout his life.

In the 1960’s and 70’s, Charles was the President of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local Union 1436, was the President of the Boulder County Labor Council, and one of several Vice Presidents on the Colorado Labor Council. As he has always been, Charles was devoted to a life of service: working diligently to improve the livelihood of his peers, friends, and colleagues.

Charles retired from the Army National Guard in 1987 and from the Public Service Company of Colorado in 1992, with 37 and 38 years of service, respectively. He retired from the Public Service Company of Colorado in March 1992. He was such a devoted employee that his boss cried as Charles retired. After retirement, Charles remained committed to his church, volunteered with Meals on Wheels, and was a member of the Boulder Elks Lodge #566. He was also a lifelong member of the Admiral Arleigh Burke Chapter of the Military Officers Association of America. Charles held several leadership roles in this organization, including President of his local chapter in 2004 and 2005.

Charles will be remembered as a man who understood commitment, put God, country, and his family first, and could always be relied on for a helping hand and a good conversation. He will be missed by all who knew him.

A Mass of Christian Burial will be June 20, 2019 at 10:30 am at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Lafayette CO, with reception to follow. Burial will be at Foothills Memorial Garden, Longmont, CO at 2:00 p.m. Ahlberg Funeral Chapel in Longmont, CO was entrusted with arrangements.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to TRU Hospice Services of Boulder County, Immaculate Conception Catholic Church of Lafayette building fund, or Meals on Wheels of Longmont or Boulder County.

Hummingbirds Arriving

I have been enjoying this weather. I never thought I would say that we need a shower but honestly my garden is dry and hard.  I have so many things I want to do outside. 

The hummingbirds are keeping me busy filling the feeders. I have two wrens here at the house and Bluebirds in the front yard.  How much more could I ask for?

Some of you may notice that you are seeing less of the Hummingbirds this time of year. The absence of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in late May and early June (in a normal year), is normal.  In fact, fluctuation in feeder attendance is to be expected.  Depending on where in the state you live, the arrival and departure of breeding and migratory birds vary.  In the spring, a surge of northbound migrants use nectar at the feeders.  Once the migrants pass through Missouri, the crowd tapers off, leaving the state’s breeding summer residents, a sizable population in Missouri’s wooded landscape.

Males are fiercely territorial, defending feeders and flowers for the females to use during the spring nesting season.  But nesting females don’t visit the feeders often.  Rather, they spend their time hunting insects to feed their newly hatched nestlings. After the young fledge in eagerly July, more birds will gather at the feeders again. 

As southern migration starts in late summer and early fall, the number of resident hummingbirds may decline.  Adult males are the first to depart, heading out in early July.  Females and the young follow. Backyard feeders serve as welcome pit stops, offering birds a place to reset and refuel.  Feeder visits will reflect this as the flow of southbound migrants through Missouri increases, peaking around Labor Day.  The crowd of hummers will gradually taper off until the last hummingbird straggles through in mid-October.

My rule of thumb on feeding them is May 1 through October 1. This usually catches all of them.  I thoroughly enjoy them and their diving bombs and protective feature. Quite a lot of entertainment for sure.

 Until next time, good birdwatching.

Scotland County Commission Meeting Minutes

Wednesday June 5, 2019

PLACE OF MEETING: Scotland County Courthouse Commission Chambers

The meeting was called to order at 8:30 a.m.

PRESENT WERE:  Presiding Commissioner: Duane Ebeling; Eastern District Commissioner, Danette Clatt; Western District Commissioner, David Wiggins; and Deputy County Clerk, Nancy McClamroch.

Commissioner Clatt moved to approve the consent agenda; seconded by Commissioner Wiggins. Motion carried 3-0.

Commissioner Wiggins moved to approve the minutes from May 30, 2019. Presiding Commissioner Ebeling seconded the motion. Commissioner Clatt abstained. Motion carried 2-0.

Presiding Commissioner Ebeling made a motion to approve the executive minutes from May 30, 2019. Commissioner Wiggins seconded the motion. Commissioner Clatt abstained. Motion carried 2-0.

Conie Baker was in to report that a tube had fell into the creek on County Road #956.

Ashley, mail lady on the Arbela Route, called to let the commissioners know that there was some tubes washing out on County Road #419, #468 & #423.

The sales tax review was presented to the Commissioners as prepared by County Clerk Batina Dodge.

The Commissioners reviewed the monthly project status from Aaron McVicker, Project Manager with McClure on bridge progress.

A purchase order was approved to Lockwood Printing for binders for the recorders’ office.

Jeff Cline with Stu’s Crew came in to talk with the Commissioners about work to repair the fascia on east side of courthouse.

April Wilson, Prosecuting Attorney, returned a call to the Commissioners concerning VOCA sub recipient intent to participate.

Seeing no further business, Commissioner Ebeling adjourned the meeting at 12:00 p.m.

The Scotland County Commission adjourned to meet in regular session on Thursday, June 6, 2019.

Thursday June 6, 2019

PLACE OF MEETING: Scotland County Courthouse Commission Chambers

The meeting was called to order at 8:30 a.m.

PRESENT WERE:  Presiding Commissioner: Duane Ebeling; Eastern District Commissioner, Danette Clatt; Western District Commissioner, David Wiggins; and Deputy County Clerk, Nancy McClamroch.

Commissioner Wiggins moved to approve the consent agenda; seconded by Presiding Commissioner Ebeling. Motion carried 3-0.

Commissioner Wiggins moved to approve the minutes from June 5, 2019. Commissioner Clatt seconded the motion. Motion carried 3-0.

Ryan Clark, R&B Supervisor went over ongoing projects concerning county roads and bridges.

A meeting with John Caufield, BNSF Railway; Jack Wright, Greg Leary and Amy Crawford, MoDOT; John Dwiggins, Howe Co.; and Ryan Clark, Road and Bridge Supervisor, and the Commissioners for the execution of agreements between BNSF, MoDot and Scotland County regarding the closure of two railroad crossings and the construction of a new bridge.

The Commissioners left at 11:15 a.m. to check roads #486 and #452. They returned at 12:05 p.m.

Seeing no further business, Commissioner Ebeling adjourned the meeting at 12:00 p.m.

The Scotland County Commission adjourned to meet in regular session on Wednesday, June 12, 2019.

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

PLACE OF MEETING: Scotland County Courthouse Commission Chambers

The meeting was called to order at 8:30 a.m.

PRESENT WERE:  Presiding Commissioner, Duane Ebeling; Eastern District Commissioner, Danette Clatt; Western District Commissioner, David Wiggins; and County Clerk, Batina Dodge.

Commissioner Wiggins moved to approve the consent agenda; seconded by Presiding Commissioner Ebeling. Motion carried 3-0.

The minutes from June 6, 2019 were presented. Commissioner Clatt moved to approve the regular session minutes; seconded by Commissioner Wiggins. Motion carried 3-0.

Kathy Kiddoo, Treasurer, presented the Commission with a monthly settlement of funds.

The Commission discussed resources for local farmers with Lisa Doster, University of Missouri Extension Specialist.  The Commission also suggested having the 4-H group put flags up around only the veterans memorial on Flag Day due to the construction project at the courthouse.  Doster informed the Commission of the possibility of a 4-H club repairing the flag holes along the courthouse sidewalks for a service project.

The Commission approved invoice #0519307 to PSBA for engineering services on the road and bridge facility improvements.

The Commission approved invoice #1 to PSR Construction for construction work completed on the road and bridge facility improvements.

The Commission reviewed and approved revised agreements from BNSF and MoDOT regarding the closure of two railroad crossings near Gorin (crossing County Roads 115 and 156) and the construction of a new bridge on County Road 113.

The Commission reviewed the County’s new website prototype and discussed changes.

Wayne Winn, Sheriff, discussed with the Commission an agreement between the County and the Ambulance District for his office to provide dispatching services.

Kevin Small reported a pipe washing out on County Road 206.

Seeing no further business, Presiding Commissioner Ebeling adjourned the meeting at 12:00 p.m.

The Scotland County Commission adjourned to meet in regular session on Thursday, June 13, 2019. 

MARY E. JAYNE (8/26/1929 – 6/6/2019)

Mary E. Jayne, age 89, died June 6, 2019 at Scotland County Care Center in Memphis, Missouri.

The daughter of Harry and Esther (Bell) Traphoner she was born August 26, 1929 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.

She attended public school in Philadelphia and graduated from Frankfort High School. She then attended business college and went on to be employed by the largest legal firm in Philadelphia. She started in the secretarial pool and then advanced to be an administrative assistant/secretary of a junior legal partner.

She was a hostess at a USO club and there met Harold M. Jayne who was in the U.S. Air Force. After a two year courtship they married October 17, 1953. As she followed her husband’s military and public service career she lived in Washington DC, Arlington VA, St. Paul MN, Charlestown WV and Winchester VA.

She ultimately moved to Memphis MO and has resided there for 36 years.
Mary was very active in her Christian walk of faith. She attended three Methodist, two Episcopal and two Presbyterian churches. She was active in ecumenical bible study and prayer groups. She spent much of her life in careful study of the bible and related materials. A primary focus of her life was her Christian calling and the promise of eternal life.

Mary was a devoted mother to three sons; David M. Jayne of Kirksville MO, Thomas M. Jayne MD of Waynesboro VA, and Mark R. Jayne of Memphis MO. She also leaves a daughter in-law, Laura Jayne. She was a grandmother to six grandchildren: Melissa Propst, Andrew Jayne, Bradley Jayne, Phd., Megan Heil, Whitney Cremeens, and Savannah Jayne. She had seven great- grandchildren.

She is preceded in death by a loving sister, Jane Traphoner.  Jane died in February 2017 at Scotland County Care Center. She was proud of her sister who was a senior employee of a large Philadelphia law firm where she worked for 50 years.

She leaves behind a loving and attentive husband, Harold M. Jayne who continues to reside in Memphis MO.

Memorials are suggested to the First Presbyterian Church in Memphis and may be left at or mailed to the Payne Funeral Chapel, 202 E. Madison St., Memphis, Missouri 63555.

A memorial service was held Friday afternoon, June 14, 2019, at 2:00 P.M. at the Payne Funeral Chapel in Memphis with Joe Doubet officiating. At the end of the service we concluded with inurnment taking place at the Memphis Cemetery.
Online condolences may be sent to the Jayne  family by logging onto Payne’s website at www.paynefuneralchapel.com

Arrangements were entrusted to the care of the Payne Funeral Chapel in Memphis.

Great Seal

The Great Seal of the United States was adopted by Congress on June 20, 1782.  On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams as the committee to select a design for a national seal. The new nation needed a symbol of sovereignty to authenticate its international treaties and transactions. It took six years and three different committees before a suitable image was selected that would illustrate the principles upon which the new nation was founded. In June of 1782, the task was turned over to the Secretary of Congress, Charles Thomson, who created the final design using elements suggested by the other committees and images and mottoes of his own.  In September 1782 the first Great Seal was cut and the die used to begin sealing the peace with England.  Each element of the seal has a symbolic meaning. The front of the seal depicts a bald eagle holding an olive branch in its right talon and 13 arrows in his left. A shield on its breast has 13 red and white stripes topped by a bar of blue. In the eagle’s beak is a banner with the Latin motto E pluribus unum (Out of Many One).   Above the eagle’s head golden rays of light are breaking through a cloud surrounding thirteen stars forming a constellation. The image on the reverse of the seal depicts a pyramid of 13 steps, the Eye of Providence, the year of independence in  Roman numerals, and Latin mottoes.

From Jauflione Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution

Backup Plans

In my area, June has been a very pleasant month for outdoor activities. There have been many days where the mornings have had a nip to them and where the midday seemed almost deplete of any humidity. These will soon be overcome by the sweltering days of August. But until then I will savor each moment.           Fishing has become the pastime of most outdoorsmen. Many of these trips have a camping aspect attached which makes them even more memorable. I’ve already enjoyed a night on the riverbank, sitting beside a campfire. I enjoyed a baked potato cooked by the embers from the fire, along with fried redeye that was caught that evening. I often challenge myself by not taking anything of substance to eat on these trips. If I catch something, I eat. If I don’t, I don’t. This makes me fish for quantity and not quality. I use the bait I think is most likely to catch a fish – any fish. And what otherwise would be catch and release, is now catch and cook, even the ones that are usually considered too small. It’s a fun way of really seeing if I could live off my little land. The key, however, is not having a backup plan. And to be honest, even something as little as one night without a good meal doesn’t sit well with me. That’s really a shame. I have never known of anyone who died from missing one meal. We Americans could stand to miss a few more. But I digress.

Do you have backup plans? Most of us do. Sometimes we never know what they are until we are put in a predicament whereby plan A fails. It’s at that time our mind begins to work frantically to find another way; to make it work; to adapt, overcome, improvise. And all of this sounds honorable, but did you know that real faith- the greatest faith – has no backup plans. There are no contingent strategies if plan A fails. Did you know that God calls us to trust Him in this way at times? It’s true. Even in the first and most basic aspect of our hope, God asks us to trust Him to get us to Heaven. We do, and then leave it there, without any thought of what we might do if we are wrong. If God would ask us to trust Him in this, without any backup plans, why would He not ask us to trust Him this way in other matters as well? He would and He does. My friend, don’t think it strange if God asks you to do something and leaves no room for contingencies. He is simply testing the depth of your faith. Real faith jumps far enough out, leaving no possibility of reaching back to anything that might be attached to the security that we just left. Sometimes it’s God or nothing.

  Gary Miller

Outdoor Truths Ministries


RONALD “MAC” MCELROY (7/25/1949 – 6/12/2019)

Ronald “Mac” McElroy, 69, of Elmwood, IL passed away at 3:47 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 2019 at his home.

Ronald was born on July 25, 1949 in Downing, MO, the son of Boyd McElroy and Nola Fincher. He married Connie Walsh on August 12, 1972 in Elmwood; she survives. 

Also surviving are one daughter, Amber (Ron) Lang of North Pekin, IL; one son, Nick (Sarah) McElroy of Elmwood, IL; four grandchildren, Dallas, Benjamin, Riley, Savannah; one great-grandson, Hudson; three brothers, Jim McElroy of the Philippines, Rick (Diane) Hendricks of Florida, and Fravel McElroy of Pennsylvania; and two sisters, Tereasa (Billy) Mickle and Stacey (Ken) Turner both of Sand Springs, OK; and one step-sister, Liz Pollitt of Seattle, WA.

Ronald served as a United States Marine from 1969 to 1971. He was a member of Maple Lane Country Club and was an avid golfer. He loved to fish, hunt coyotes and considered himself a motorcycle enthusiast.

A visitation to celebrate Ronald’s life will be from 2:00 – 4:00 p.m. Sunday, June 23, 2019 at Haskell Funeral & Cremation Services in Princeville, IL.

In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to OSF St. Mary Foundation COPS Oncology or the American Cancer Society.

Haskell Funeral & Cremation Services in Princeville, IL is in charge of arrangements. To leave condolences for Ronald’s family visit www.haskellfuneral.com.

SCH Among 25 Hospital Selected for National Grant

The Texas A&M University Center for Optimizing Rural Health (CORH) is pleased to announce that Scotland County Hospital is one of 25 hospitals selected to receive technical assistance from CORH. The Texas A&M University Center for Optimizing Rural Health (CORH) was recently created as a technical advisory center for vulnerable rural hospitals; it is a part of the A&M Rural and Community Health Institute (ARCHI) and is funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).

The grant funding will provide consultations and tools to assist small, rural hospitals to identify and address issues that may be contributing to their future viability or financial vulnerability. This grant  helps rural hospitals identify the challenges facing small hospitals and works with those hospitals to create solutions for how health care can remain in the rural communities across America.

“Our grant writing team put together a powerful application that certainly caught their attention,” said Randy Tobler, MD, CEO, Scotland County Hospital. “Our leadership team will work with the Center’s team to identify areas for improvement, strategize potential solutions, and develop a specific action plan with goals of keeping services close to home. We’ll keep the community abreast of how that looks as we work through the grant options.”

The Center will provide guidance and assistance in reaching the hospital’s goals including active support for a 12-month period and availability for continued assistance on an as-needed basis going forward. According to the CORH officials, this will happen through virtual facilitated/mentored intervention through educational materials, webinars, and facilitated peer-to-peer learning discussions.

Changes in the healthcare delivery system have left smaller, more isolated hospitals in precarious situations as health care has become more dependent on technology and specialization in medicine; however, even as much care has moved to centralized centers, quality care is highly dependent upon local access to excellent primary care, timely transfer when a higher level of care is needed, and reliable communication across levels of care. Scotland County Hospital officials will work with officials from the Center to enhance the community’s provision of high quality, local care and assure that the people they serve have access as needed to the high tech care of the 21st century.

Downing City Board Addresses Parking Issues at June Meeting

The Board of the City of Downing convened at 6:00 p.m. on June 3, 2019 with Mayor Alan Garrett presiding. Present were Aldermen Bill Anderson, Ray Bange, Gene Bruner, and Dena Petray. City Clerk Carol Dryden, Water/Waste Water operator John Petary and Contract Operator Eric Bowens.

Copies of the Agenda, Minutes of the last Meeting, Deposits & Disbursements, Monthly Water Report, Account Balances were given to all present.

Mayor Alan Garrett called the meeting to order.

A motion to approve the agenda was made by Bill Anderson and seconded by Ray Bange and carried unanimously.

A motion to approve the minutes of the last meeting was made by Bill Anderson and seconded by Gene Bruner and carried unanimously.

A motion to approve the payment of bills was made by Ray Bange and seconded by Bill Anderson and carried unanimously.

Water/Waste Water Report: Still have some areas to check out for leaks if it ever dries up. The lift station on 14th street is acting up. John has cleaned it. Eric suggested John pull the pump and check the blades on the bottom to see if they are clogged or broken.

Street Maintenance: Roads are starting to need some work but hard to keep up on them with all the rain. The road to the cemetery is needing some work. John will get on that this week.

Cemetery: Jenine Moss sent the city $20 for upkeep.

Old Business: Dena brought some information regarding getting a city vehicle. Carol will follow up on that and report at the next meeting.

New Business: The city is having a problem with people blocking alleys and parking large trucks on the road and ditches. Carol will be sending letters out regarding this. Reports have been received of some large holes in a couple of yards, and the city has been looking at them to see what is causing them. It doesn’t initially appear to be a city problem, but the situations will continue to be monitored.

Positive Thoughts: Was a beautiful day and no rain for a few days.

A motion to adjourn the meeting at 7:00 p.m. was made by Ray Bange and seconded by Bill Anderson and carried unanimously.       Submitted by Carol Dryden, City Clerk

Holt Earns Nursing Degree From SCC

Southeastern Community College in Burlington, IA has announced the 2019 Spring graduates. Commencement ceremonies were held May 15th in Keokuk, IA and May 16th in Burlington, IA.

Ashley M. Holt of Memphis graduated with a degree in practical nursing.

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