August 9, 2001

Pheasants Forever Joins With MDC, Local Soil & Water Districts To Promote CCRP

A trio of local conservation organizations has taken the first step in promoting the Continuos Conservation Reserve Program (CCRP) to raise the level of participation in Missouri closer to the level of the neighboring state to the north.

The Northeast Missouri Chapter of Pheasants Forever has joined with the Soil and Water Conservation districts from Scotland and Knox counties as well as the Missouri Department of Conservation to help fund the CCRP program.

Each partner contributed $5,000 toward the project, which is aimed at increasing local enrollment in the federal land conservation program.

Since 1996 Missouri landowners have enrolled just over 30,000 acres into the program. That is less than 25 percent of the enrollment level of the state's north neighbor, Iowa, which has more than 127,000 acres enrolled in CCRP.

The partnership between the local groups and MDC marks the first joint effort in Missouri. Iowa has recorded $1.7 million in donations from statewide conservation groups since the inception of CCRP four years ago.

The local donations will be used in a similar fashion to the successful promotional efforts in Iowa. The money will be used to hire professionals to visit area landowners in a one-on-one setting to inform them of the benefits of the CCRP program.

When land is accepted into the CCRP program it entitles the landowner to an annual rental payment, which is determined by the soil type. The landowner also gets an annual payment of from $5 to $10 per acre to help maintain the practice as well as a 90 percent cost-share payment for installing the practice. Certain practices will also pay a one-time incentive payment of from $100 to $150 per acre. CCRP contracts can be from 10 to 15 years in length.

Eligible practices include: filter strips (grasses), riparian buffers (trees), grassed waterways, field windbreaks, contour grass strips and shallow water areas for wildlife. Eligibility is similar to CRP, requiring a crop history.

Benefits of the CCRP program can be grouped into three areas, environmental, social and economic.

Environmental services in-clude the reduction of soil erosion and flooding, improving water quality, and increasing groundwater recharge and stream bank stabilization.

Social benefits include recreation, educational and aesthetics.

Economic benefits include retention of valuable topsoil, increased crop yields, annual payments to landowners equal to cropping incomes and increased property values.

Unlike CRP, there is no competition for acceptance for CCRP. There are no specific sign up dates. Chances are you have areas on your farm that qualify for the CCRP program so contact your local USDA Service Center for more specifics on the program.

Hot, Dry Weather Spells Trouble For Soybean, Corn

Rootless corn syndrome is one of two unusual conditions Missouri farmers might see this growing season because of May’s hot, dry weather. Photo courtesy of Bill Wiebold.

by Linda Geist

Missouri’s record-breaking May heat and lack of precipitation set the stage for two unusual conditions in the state’s top cash crops—soybean and corn, says University of Missouri Extension agronomist Bill Wiebold.

He urges farmers to look for rootless corn syndrome and heat canker in soybean, conditions that result from drought and heat effects on seedlings and young plants.

Rootless corn syndrome

To understand this syndrome, Wiebold explains how corn root systems work:

Corn plants produce two root systems. The first system consists of roots that emerge from the seed and nourish the seedling. The second system contains adventitious (nodal) roots that form at stem nodes below and above the soil surface.

“This is the main root system of the corn plant,” Wiebold says.  “Plant health and yield is closely tied to the health and function of these roots.” Nodal roots are present as early as the 1-leaf stage and rapidly expand in number and length during vegetative growth. The earliest nodal roots form about 3/4 inch below the soil surface.

All roots require soil moisture to form and grow. Corn nodal roots form near the soil surface and depend highly on soil moisture there. In most years, spring precipitation keeps the soil wet enough for roots to grow, but early-season drought can dry soil to a point where roots cannot grow. This is compounded by high soil surface temperatures. Root growth is inhibited and even prevented by hot, dry soil.

A syndrome called rootless corn may occur. Affected seedlings grow normal primary roots—those roots that developed from the kernel—but they lack adventitious roots. “These plants may appear normal but begin to lodge when plants are about 15 inches tall because they are weakly anchored,” Wiebold says. Most Missouri corn is well past any concern. However, late-planted corn, including replanted fields, may be vulnerable to rootless corn syndrome if the soil surface is unusually dry.

Preventive actions are few. “If replanting corn, try not to till,” Wiebold says. “Tillage wastes precious water.” Previous crop residue that remains on the soil surface reduces water evaporation and slows the rise in soil temperature.

Soybean heat canker is one of two unusual conditions Missouri farmers might see this growing season because of May’s hot, dry weather. Photo courtesy of Bill Wiebold.

Heat canker in soybean

“Heat canker is an unusual occurrence in soybean related to soil surface temperature,” says Wiebold. Because evaporating water cools soil, the condition usually occurs when precipitation is sparse and the soil surface is extremely dry.

MU Extension’s network of weather stations recently reported soil temperatures above 95 degrees at the 2-inch level under bare soil. Soil surface temperatures are usually much higher than those at the 2-inch depth. Early in the growing season, plants are small and sunlight impinges on the soil surface. Soil absorbs the light and becomes hotter. With sparse leaf area, high air temperatures and bright sunshine, it is not uncommon for surface temperatures to exceed 120 degrees.

Emerging soybean seedlings up to V2 are vulnerable to heat canker. Young cells in the region where the hypocotyl touches the soil surface cannot tolerate high temperatures. The dead cells can occur as a ring around the stem or just on one side. The region appears “pinched” because water escaped and cells shrunk. The region will darken quickly. Affected plants often die. With heat canker, the root system remains white and looks normal. This can be used to distinguish heat canker from seedling diseases in which roots are discolored.

“This is a rare occurrence, but this is a year with rare combinations of sparse precipitation and hot temperatures,” says Wiebold. When heat canker is suspected, often only a few seedlings are affected. Very localized conditions can influence the severity.

“Hundreds of thousands of Missouri soybean acres have been planted during dry, hot weather,” says Wiebold. “Heat canker could be more widespread and affect a larger portion of seedlings than usual.”

There is little that can be done once heat canker is visible, says Wiebold. The damage has been done. No-till fields show an advantage, however. It is rare to see heat canker in no-till fields. Previous crop residue that remains on the soil surface reduces water evaporation and slows the rise in soil temperature.

Board of Aldermen Open Hiring Process for New City Manager Position

With retirement looming for several keys member of the municipal leadership team, the City of Memphis is preparing to embark on a new administrative course.

Applications are currently being accepted for a new city manager position to head the municipal team. The Memphis City Council unanimously approved the creation of the new team leader position last month and opened the application process last week.

Current City Superintendent Roy Monroe had announced initial plans to retire in July of 2019. The council indicated a desire to have the new city leader in place well before that point to have an opportunity to work with the current director to make the transition as smooth as possible.

The council’s goal is to transition the leadership position into more of a supervisory role, handling more of the administrative duties of running the roughly $5 million annual budget encompassing water, sewer and electrical utilities services not to mention an airport, park system, lake, and cemetery as well as police and fire protection.

Some of the duties the new city manager will be tasked with will include developing, recommending and implementing policies, program planning, fiscal management, administration and operations of all City functions and services for efficient and economic operation of the City.

The manager is responsible for accomplishing the City’s goals and objectives and for ensuring that the citizens are provided with desired and mandated services in an effective and cost efficient manner.

Key to those administrative goals will be the supervision of all departments and employees, including evaluations and training implementations.

The city manager will be responsible for creating an annual budget, salary plan and work blueprint that will result in weekly work schedules for all city departments targeting compliance and completion of existing goals.

In addition, the new administrative post will handle project planning, bids and contracts as well as serve in a public relations role.

The application process is open, and the council has not established any deadlines for making a hire.

Hoovers Opening Missouri Meat Processing, LLC in Rutledge

Where does the meat on your dinner table come from? A new local business is planning to simplify the answer to that question.

Missouri Meat Processing, LLC, set to open in July near Rutledge, will be offering custom butchering, bringing local livestock directly into the food chain in just one stop. Owners and operators Calvin and Ada Marie Hoover will open for business on July 2nd. It is located at 26812 County Road 161, the old blacktop that heads north off Route M, just east of Rutledge.

Calvin has nearly five years of experience working at Rutledge Meats as well as Iowa Custom Butchering of Milton, IA.

He will be using that experience to offer custom butchering for beef and pork as well as venison.

“If you are a fan of eating steaks and roast, custom butchering can certainly be a win for you on the cost savings side,” said Hoover.

Of course one of the biggest benefits of utilizing such services is the complete knowledge of where the meat originated.

“The customer knows where the animal came from, how it has been treated, what it has been fed, and whether or not any medications had been used,” he said.

Hoover also points to special finishes as another key benefit to the custom process.

“The availability of smoked meats, such as hams, and pork chops is a big plus not to mention bologna’s for sandwich meats,” he said.

Hoover said Tuesday will be the weekly kill day, when carcasses will be created and hung in the cooler.

“Once in the cooler we recommend leaving the hog carcass cool for at least three days but no more than 10,” said Hoover. “A nice beef carcass is best if hung in cooler for one to two weeks. After this amount of time the carcass can start deteriorating even in the  34 degree temperature. I would normally not recommend aging over two weeks.”

Missouri Meat Processing will offer complete processing services. Options will include ground hamburger for beef in one or two pound bags as well as hamburger patties, in addition to a variety of sausage options for pork, such as breakfast, rope or patties, as well as bulk bagging in one pound increments.

“We are also planning to offer some different choices of bologna, as we are doing our best to come up with our favorite recipes,” said Calvin.

And while most of his work experience has been with beef and pork, Calvin said he is open to working with sheep and goats as well to handle the growing meat market in those livestock lines.

Missouri Meat processing will be open from 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday and Saturday by appointment only.

Initial pricing will offer bee slaughtering for $49 and hog slaughtering for $35, with processing for $0.49 a pound. Processing for sheep and goats will be $69 with deer processing available for $89, with a 440 cape fee for hides and $10 per week freezer charge.

Additional pricing includes tenderizing for $0.19 per pound, $0.75 per pound for curing and $0.49 per pound for processes meat patties.

Vacuum packing will be available for $0.25 per pound.

Breakfast or rope sausage processing will be $0.29 per pound, with smoked meats costing an extra $0.69 per pound, Fresh side will be $0.189 per pound with scrapple available for $0.69 per pound and lard for $1.09 per pound.

For more information contact the store at 660-342-8534.

Couple Air Evac-ed From Gorin Crash Scene

Two crash victims were flown from the scene of an accident near Arbela on Friday evening.

According to the Missouri State Highway Patrol, Jesse G. Bass, 43, of Gorin was northbound on Route H, three miles north of Arbela when the 2009 Pontiac G6 he was driving went off the right side of the roadway. The driver overcorrected and then ran off the right side of the roadway again and overturned.

Bass and a passenger in the vehicle, Gina L. Anderson, 46, of Keokuk, IA, were both flown from the crash scene by Air Evac Helicopter to Blessing Hospital in Quincy, IL for treatment of minor injuries.

Bass was cited for driving while intoxicated – prior offender as well as careless and imprudent driving and endangering the welfare of a child in the 2nd degree.

The vehicle sustained total damage and was removed from the scene by Lakeside Towing of Memphis.

The Patrol was assisted at the scene by the Scotland County Sheriff’s Office and Scotland County first responders.

Price Family Reunion

The Price Reunion was held on June 10, 2018 at the Rutledge Community Building with the following people present:

Ken and Sharon Peterson; Mary Margaret Lingenfelter; Robert Peterson; Jerry Holman; Frances Holman; Beverly Givens; Milt Clary; Pat Clary; Mary D. Peterson; Kathie McPherson; Lester Clark; Dorothy Clark; Kenny, Julie, Parker and Ty Huling; Dorothy Boyd; Arveta Peterson; Brittany Sand and Peyton Peterson; Dale and July Musgrove; Amanda Paul; Jillian Crane; Cody, Deidra, MaKenna and Paxton Musgrove; Allen, Melody and Benjamin Peterson; Helen Bissell; Dan Peterson; Joyce Peterson; Erik M Johnston; JB Peterson; Victor Peterson; Betty Peterson; Wanda Peterson; Brenda Gooch; John K Parrish; Janice Parrish; Leon Shaw; Ann Shaw; Julie, Clay and Cole White; Mark W Comley; Bradley, Tessa and Mathias Thomas; Mike, Linda and Sara Wilson; Virginia Peterson; Donna Johns; Terry and Brenda Mark; Raquel and Lanes Hines; Debbie Briggs; Jeanne Holt, Amber and Alaina Smith; Kelly, Kris and Branden Peterson; Craig, Sandra, MaKyla and Maezy Swearingen; Darrel and Frances Huling; Jennifer Johnston; Kyle Johnston; Renee, Preston and Tessa McBee; Jennifer Briggs, Taylor and Rhett Farris.

The Price Reunion is held on the second Sunday of June every year and will be at the same location in 2019.

Memphis Red Hatters Meet at Senior Center

The Memphis Red Hatters met for their monthly meeting at the Memphis Senior Center for a fried chicken luncheon with Barb Creath as hostess.  Those enjoying the lunch were Pat Wiggins, Vera Monroe, Elaine Smith, Shirley Ruth, Marcine Evans, and Barb Creath.

Barb entertained the group with several humorous stories of “mother’s sayings of “then” and “now” and why Noah couldn’t build an Ark today because of regulations.  There will be no meeting in July.  The August 1st meeting will be at the Memphis Senior Center with a memorial to our loyal member, Marlene Cowell.

Downing Depot Museum Hosts Annual Smorgasbord

THE MEAL HAD BEGUN! With a wide variety of meats, vegetables, salads, and desserts, no one went away hungry from the 2018 Downing Depot Museum Smorgasbord.

The 2018 Smorgasbord benefiting the Downing Depot Museum was a great success. Every year this annual fundraiser has been successful since the first one in March of 1976.

The Smorgasbord, held annually on the 1st Sunday in June, is put on solely by volunteers. We’re grateful for, and the fundraiser relies on, great cooks who prepare the food and others who serve the meal; the group who organize and clean the building before and after the meal; and those who canvassed nearby areas seeking door prizes and monetary support for the Museum. This year we had over 100 donors who contributed food, direct cash contributions, and more than 80 door prizes to make this Smorgasbord such a successful event. Special thanks to the year-round Depot Museum volunteers, primarily the three Scurlock families and the Vaughn Ruth family. This year we also thank Pastor Larry Smith, Bonnie Hayes, Charlotte Spear, Darlene Humphrey, and Jim Sharp.

What’s more, we’re grateful to the many people who call the Downing (area) home, and who attended and gave generous donations for this year’s feast. Visiting and eating were the main attractions, while people enjoyed the military display highlighting local servicemen Jackson, Kratzer, and Green. Additional thanks to Abby Blessing for use of her computerized report on Charles B. Green’s WWII experience in Europe. We’re coming into the digital age!

In the past, a ten- or twenty-mile trip was an all-day affair. Transportation advances have allowed longer distances to become “local.” Local has become relative and our neighborhood and community have expanded quite a distance.

So, we thank the following local donors for their support of the Downing Depot Museum—our history and our future. We hope that you will choose to shop locally to support these businesses. Downing: Anderson Const; Bank of Downing; Blessing Const; Vernon Tracey Carroll; Cheese Post; Cherry Grove Antiques; Feeds & Needs; Finish Line Auto; Garrett–Ruth Ent; Hammer Mill Bar & Grill; High Auctions; Holton Const/Rainbow Storage; LakeWood RV Sales & Rents; Chantal Miller; Randy Sayre (Rat Attack); Ruth Family Farms (Doug&Dee); She & I Designs; Carolyn Stanley; US Post Office. Lancaster: American Family Ins; Dr Foster (Animal Health Center); Dotson 202 Tire; Exchange Bank; Lancaster Flowers; Lancaster Lumber; Lilac Hill Greenhouse; Kelly L Lovekamp; MFA Agri Svcs, Lancaster/Kirksville; Norman Funeral Home; Pioneer Gardens Greenhouse; Schuyler Co Nutri Site; Christy&Mark Smyser; Tallman Auto Parts; Tangles Salon; Twila’s Treasures Memphis: Acorn Hill Vet Clinic; Aunt Denise’s Baked Goods; John&Carole Aylward; Bradley Ins; Comm Bank of Memphis; Cook’s Men’s Store; Country View Store; Countryside Flowers; Daisey Patch Flowers; Desktop Svcs; Eggleston Bkkping & Tax Svcs; Farm & Home; Farm Bureau Ins; Gas & More BP; Gerth & Baskett; M&O Concrete; Green Acres Sew & Vac; Hair Co; Hawkins Harrison Ins; Hinds Realty; Hollow Hill; Hometown Animal Health; Hopkins Lumber Co; House of Blue/Fullers; J&J Ag; J’s Foods; Keith’s Café; Lacy’s Restaurant; Lan-Dow Bldgs; Laura The Tax Lady; Martin’s Auto Svc; Mayberry Farms; Memphis Auto Parts; Memphis Mercantile; MFA Fertilizer; MFA Oil, Memphis; Off Road Tire & Service Ctr; Pepsi-Cola Memphis Bottling Co; Prairieland FS; Primrose Realty; Rose “Do It Best” Hdwre; RPM Truck Accessories; Scotland Co Pharm; Scotland Co Senior Nutri Ctr; Scotland Co Vet Clinic; Shelter Ins; Walker Motors Collision Repair; Witmers Furniture. Surrounding Areas: Glenwood: Keith&Nancy Kerby; Cindy Steen. Greentop: Humphrey Family Farms; Western’s Smokehouse; Wildflower Quilting. Kahoka: McAfee & Hayes Auctions. Queen City: Mast Meats; WD63 Pipe & Steel. Rutledge: Milkweed Mercantile. Bloomfield, IA: Donald&Carol Scurlock; Sinclair John Deere; Slayton Polaris. Drakesville, IA: Drakesville Crop Svcs. Houghton, IA: B&B Propane Gas; Jet Gas. Hamilton, IL: Lester&Candy Harnetiaux.

Recently we began a facelift in both Museum buildings because we’re short of display room for new items. So far we’ve rearranged furniture; have added shelf space; and have begun sorting, filing, cleaning, and identifying documents for binding or filing. We plan to set up new displays and make room for more Downing area history as it arrives.

Thanks to everyone who is helping, and others who will in the future. It’s been some time now since Inez Shaw and Evafae Jefferies got the Museum started, with more recent help from Barbara Ross and Mary Ann Blessing. Early caretakers did a great job, but we’re now in need of renovation.

Please stop by the Museum, located at Downing Appreciation Days Park, and see our progress, take a few minutes to locate some of your ancestors, and reminisce on “the good ol’ days.” Remember the Museum is open to the public on the 1st and 3rd Fridays, June through September 2018, from noon to 4 pm, but we’ll be working there at other unscheduled times, too. If you’re interested in volunteering to help with our renovation, please contact Jerry (660-379-2467), Carol (641-929-3915), or Judy (660-342-1454).

submitted by Judy Sharp

Sprint Cars Return to Pepsi Scotland County Speedway

by Brian Neal

Not often do the fans in the Memphis, Missouri area get to watch Sprint Cars compete at the Pepsi Scotland County Speedway in Memphis, Missouri. But coming this Friday, June 15th the fans will be treated to a visit by the Sprint Invaders to the track.

So far in the 2018 Sprint Invaders season they have held three events, with three different winner’s visiting victory lane. Jake Blackhurst would top the field of 23 signed in for competition back on March 31st at 34 Raceway in West Burlington, Iowa. Nineteen cars would sign in for night two, which was held at the Pepsi Lee County Speedway in Donnellson, Iowa on Friday, May 25th. Ending up in victory lane on that night would be John Schulz. Austin McCarl would top the field of 26 cars signed in on night three. Which was held on Sunday, May 27th at 34 Raceway in West Burlington, Iowa.

Despite not winning a feature race yet in 2018, Cody Wehrle currently sits atop the point standings. He has a 29 point lead over Brayden Gaylord, with two time champion Jon Agan sitting in third, 46 points behind. Josh Schneiderman and Ryan Jamison round out the top five in points. Who will come away with the $1,500 victory and leave Memphis, Missouri with the points lead?

Also in action on Friday will be the Modifieds, Stock Cars, SportMods, Hobby Stocks, and Sport Compacts. All drivers will draw for their starting spot in the heat races, with a redraw being used to help determine the feature line-ups.

The gates will open at 5:30 p.m. with Hot Laps at 7 p.m. and racing at 7:30. Grandstand admission will be adults $16, students (7-17) $8, and kids 6 & under FREE! Pit passes will be $30, ages (7-13) $20, ages (4-6) $10, and ages 3 & under $3.

Something new for the 2018 season at the Pepsi Scotland County Speedway will be a crowning of a track champion at the end of the season. In all race nights during this season driver’s will earn points to go towards their year end points total to help determine the champion in the Modifieds, Stock Cars, SportMods, Hobby Stocks, and Sport Compacts. Here is the following schedule in which driver’s will be awarded points:

Friday, June 15th – “Sprint Invaders”

Friday, July 13th – Fair Race

Friday, September 28th and Saturday, September 29th – “2nd Annual Jerry Barrickman Memorial”

Friday, October 19th and Saturday, October 20th – “Fall Nationals”

After the first night of racing back on Friday, May 4th, Jared Fuller leads the Modified points. While Nathan Wood sits a top the Stock Car point, after having a fierce battle with John Oliver Jr. in the feature. The SportMod points have Daniel Fellows, who scored his first career SportMod win back then, leading the points. Dustin Griffiths leads the Hobby Stock points, while Barry Taft holds the lead in the Sport Compacts points.

For more information you can contact Mike Van Genderen at 641-521-0330 or like the Scotland County Speedway page on Facebook.

Pence, Creek to Represent SCR-I in McDonald’s/Herald Whig Classic All-Star Basketball Games

Lane Pence

A pair of Scotland County standouts will step onto the hardwood for the final time representing SCR-I this weekend at the McDonald’s/Herald Whig Classic all-star basketball games on Saturday in Quincy, IL.

Lane Pence will represent the Tigers while Ashleigh Creek will suit up one last time for her Lady Tigers.

Pence will pull on the Missouri uniform with a chance to play alongside former foes such as Knox County’s Hayden Miller and Canton’s Koy Smith.

Clark County’s Chandler Bevans will headline the Show-Me State roster. The 6-foot-6 forward averaged 19.6 points a game for the Indians, just shy of the 20 point average of new teammate, and fellow 6-foot-6 forward Grant Peters of Mark Twain.

Palmyra’s Peyton Plunkett brings some additional size to the Missouri squad. The Northwest Missouri State football recruit averaged nearly 15 points a game for the Panthers.

Rounding out the Missouri roster will be Cole Kirchner of Clark County, Keetan Johnston of Highland, Michael Francis of Louisiana and Wyatt Waelder of Hannibal.

The team will be coached by former Marion County Coach Ryan Wood, now the head man at Palmyra.

The squad will try to snap Illinois’s eight-year win streak, and overall 32-2 dominance in the Classic.

Missouri has fared much better on the girls’ side, including last year’s 80-71 to snap a five-year losing streak. Overall Missouri leads the series 19-16. SCR-I played a big part in last year’s victory, as the Lady Tigers’ Chelsea Wood was game MVP. She and teammates Calesse Bair and Abi Feeney scored more than half the state’s points in the victory.

Creek will be the lone SCR-I rep in 2018. As the team’s lone senior, Creek averaged over eight points and five rebounds a game.

Ashleigh Creek.

The 2018 Show-Me State squad will have a distinctive Clark County composition. Just like last year’s SCR-I trio, the Lady Indians send three players from their Final Four squad in Carissa Bevans, Abby Brown and Maggie Schutte.

Also on the Missouri roster are Lexie Higbee and Caitlyn Poore from South Shelby, twin sisters Delanie and Emilie Okenfuss from Monroe City, Haley Meyer from Highland and Olivia Jarvis of Canton.

The Missouri team will be coached by Luke O’Laughlin of South Shelby.

The McDonald’s/Herald Whig Classic will start at 5 p.m. at Quincy University’s Pepsi Arena with the 36th annual girls game. The 35th annual boys contest will follow. Tickets for the game are $7.

Creek Helps Team Claim Win in NEMO All-Star Game

Scotland County graduate Ashleigh Creek was part of the winning Red Team in the 31st Annual Northeast Missouri Officials Association All-Star game held Saturday in Kirksville.

Creek, the lone SCR-I representative in Kirksville for the event, helped her team to a 83-60 victory, scoring seven points, all in the first half.

She teamed up with players from Clark, Putnam, and Knox County as well as Milan in the form of an old Tri-Rivers Conference reunion to coast to the win. Carissa Bevans led all scorers with 28 points, while fellow Clark County alum Abby Brown added 21 in the win.

Caitlyn Poore of South Shelby led the Blue team in scoring with 27 points, including six three-pointers.

In the boys game, it was the Blue squad scoring a 65-62 victory on a three-point play by Putnam County graduate Carson Quint in the final seconds.

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